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Climate Prediction Center

Climate Diagnostics Bulletin
Climate Diagnostics Bulletin - Home Climate Diagnostics Bulletin - Forecast Climate Diagnostics Bulletin - Extratropics


  Tropical Highlights

  Table of Atmospheric Indices  (Table 1)

  Table of Oceanic Indices  (Table 2)

  Time Series

  Time-Longitude Sections

  Mean & Anomaly Fields

  Appendix 1: Outside Contributions

Tropical Highlights


Forecast Forum

El Niņo persisted during February 2010, as the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) remained well above average across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean (Fig. T18).  The latest monthly SST indices were +1.2°C for the Niņo-3.4 region and +1.1°C for the Niņo-4 region. (Table T2, Fig. T5). Consistent with this warmth, the oceanic thermocline (measured by the depth of the 20°C isotherm) remained deeper than average across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (Figs. T15, T16), with sub-surface temperatures reaching +1°C to +4°C above average (Fig. T17).

Also consistent with El Niņo, equatorial convection during February remained enhanced over the central and eastern Pacific and suppressed across Indonesia and western Pacific (Figs. T25, T26 and E3). Low-level westerly and upper-level easterly wind anomalies also persisted over the equatorial Pacific (Table T1, Figs. T20 and T21).



For the latest status of the ENSO cycle see the ENSO Diagnostic Discussion at:

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